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Phase 2, Italy as Genoa.

Phase two must necessarily pass through concrete proposals for administrative simplification, the provision of instruments for accelerating economic development capable of enhancing the extraordinary entrepreneurship that our country has in its economic system. Our “made in Italy” brand is recognized all over the world and needs an extraordinary relaunch. Through special economic zones, customs free zones, simplified logistic zones it is possible to accelerate an economic recovery for a new Italian miracle. Tax exemption accompanied by a massive simplification, together with an essential infrastructure enhancement both in terms of logistics and in terms of stimulating public spending, will push consumption and production upwards for the benefit of our GDP.

The moment of forced stasis makes us reflect on the necessary co-responsibility and participation of citizens in the political-allocative choices of our political representatives. The model used so far has failed miserably by mortifying health, education, culture and innovation, the only pillars that have kept us alive, while collapsing on themselves, in recent months.
There will be no other possibility. Plan with foresight, facilitate businesses, invest in infrastructure, education, health, enhance the social role of culture and creativity, bet on the innovation that derives from it.
Special attention is paid to tourism, the great absence of the programs. The sector generates an important part of GDP and distributes wealth across the entire chain. You can’t just wait. The sector must be supported concretely and restructured also with acceleration logics as happens in other parts of the world (Dubai, for example).

RALIAN has been working tirelessly in recent weeks on a development program that will be fundamental for the next few years. From here we will start to make our voice heard even more on the issues we care about. Our daily commitment in recent months has been, is and will be in this sense. We are an active part in relaunching the Italian post-COVID economy – 19. And we are proud and grateful for this. Silently, stubbornly and incessantly.

The picture of Genoa that proudly shows its reconstructed  Morandi bridge is the warning that inspires our hearts. Italy is there. Italy does not stop like Genoa did not stop. Italy like Genoa does not let itself be overwhelmed by events but reacts, roars, gets up, rebuilds itself, superb, proud and proud.

We want to feel an arrow touch our heart and there in the heart explode. We want to hear that “L’Italia s’è desta ” (, Italy has awakened, as our  National anthem says), once again, in front of the eyes of the world, especially in front of the eyes of that part of the world that told us that we Italians would not have made it.

Simplifying. Reducing taxes. Investing. Relaunching. Taking part. Programming. Starting again.  Flying.

Can the culture represent a driving force of economic development for the territory?

Can the culture represent a driving force of economic development for the territory?
RALIAN Research & Consultancy srl CEO, Valentina Di Milla, gave her answer in the seminar addressed to students of the three-year period of Marketing and Tourism of the “Fermi” Technical-Economic Institute of Gaeta (Italy).
The speech has been focused on the theme of cultural and creative enterprise, a new way of doing economy on a global level, which provides for the humanization of production processes, creativity as the beating heart of the company, cultural promotion at the center of interest entrepreneurial.
Recognized by the European Union as an essential factor for the economic and social growth of the entire European territory, participating in the EU Gross Domestic Product for approximately 3%, cultural enterprises are the new challenge in an innovative economic context.
The cultural enterprise represents a network of human values ​​placed at the center of an economic project to spread territorial, cultural, artistic, technological, creative and, therefore, professional beauty.
It follows that the creative and cultural industry is a natural added value for any other company in the industrial sector.
The video of the interview is available at the minute 2.32 on https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jrztDvlEHQE

FOREIGN-TRADE ZONES: THE US TOOL FOR THE PROMOTION OF FOREIGN TRADE.

According to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) World Investment Report 2019, around 5400 Special Economic Zones variously denominated are registered worldwide. Most of them are located in developing and transition countries, especially in Asia and the Far East.

As regards the SEZs existing in the economies of the developed countries, their main connotation consists in the presence of suspensions of a customs nature, that is to say, for example, in case of goods imported in the described areas , duties and VAT by destination and other customs duties till then suspended do not apply until they are released for free circulation. The largest number of this type of zone is into the United States land where they are denominated Foreign-Trade Zones (FTZ).
The further tax concessions that characterize them give to the FTZs a value that they would otherwise not have in terms of the global economy.
This circumstance can be observed in very few European Union countries, including Poland, Bulgaria, Lithuania and Latvia.
The FTZs are customs free zones, under the customs supervision of the United States, considered (as what happens in similar situations in the European Union), through a fictio iuris set outside the U.S. customs territory for the purposes of the duty.
These areas have been established to encouraging national companies’s use compared to foreign ones for the production and distribution phases of the products. The benefits planned in the FTZ consist of relief from tariffs and other customs administrative charges which, otherwise, would penalize the competitiveness of US companies compared to foreign ones. It is possible that each Free Trade Zone for its part will establish Subzones: currently around 500 of them are registered.
As required by current legislation for SEZs in Italy, the FTZs are located in the incoming customs ports or in neighboring territories, and constitute the American model of what are commonly called Free Trade Zones.
The normative source is the Foreign – Trade Zones Act of 18 June 1934, as amended by the Designation of Enterprise Zones, L. 102–550, 1992 and by the Regulations of the Foreign-Trade Zones Board, 15 CFR Part 400, 2012.
Currently, of the 262 authorized Foreign-Trade Zones, 195 are operative, as evidenced by official data of the 80th Annual Report of the Foreign-Trade Zones Board – 2018, presented at the United States Congress in November 2019.
The presence of the FTZs guaranteed a job for over 440,000 people, employed in approximately 3,300 companies that resort to the FTZs for their business activities, for a value of commercial transactions of 793 billion dollars, with an increasing trend compared to the previous year. In particular, the activity of the FTZ is rising in terms of both domestic and foreign trade, with a positive differential of $ 124 billion since 2017.
Of these, approximately 63% concerned production activities, with a turnover of approximately 504 billion dollars, while the remaining 37% concerned warehouse and distribution operations.
It is worth noting that the FTZ are not designed exclusively for foreign goods. In fact, domestic goods have an important positive impact on the activity of the FTZs.
The most represented production sectors concern the automotive, oil, electronics, pharmaceutical and machinery and equipment ones.
he main federal agencies overseeing the development of the Foreign-Trade Zones program are the Foreign-Trade Zones Board of the United States Department of Commerce and the Customs and the United States Border Police (CBP).

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